Korean J Ophthalmol > Volume 1(1); 1987 > Article
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology 1987;1(1):1-7.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.1987.1.1.1    Published online June 30, 1987.
The effects of experimental ocular hypertension on the electroretinogram and ultrastructure of the retina in rabbits.
Dong He Youn, Young Ill Kim, Jaeheung Lee, Bong Leen Chang, Jin Hak Lee
1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
Intragcular pressure (lOP) was artificially elevated and maintained in rabbits for up to 12 hours at levels 40, 60, 80, and 100 mmHg. Electroretinographic (ERG) responses showed gradual decline and later disappeared depending on the pressure. ERG responses were initially normal to supernormal at all lOP levels except 100 mmHg, and then showed gradual decline to extinction except in one eye of the 40 mmHg group. Ultrastrurtural damage was also pressure and time dependent. After 12 hours of the increased lOP, no damage to the ultrasfrurture of the retina was detected at 40mmHg, although the ERG was severely affected. Electron microscopic studies showed flattening of the pigment epithelium and swelling of mitochondria which appeared first at 60 mmHg; severe damage of mitochondria and the basal infoldings of the pigment epithelium at 80mmHg; and severe damage of all the retinal tissues at 100 mmHg. The critical duration of the elevated lOP which decreased the amplitude of the ERG was found to be 5 hours for 40 mmHg, 1 hour for 60 mmHg, and 30 minutes for 80 mmHg. The critical lOP which affected the ultrastrurture after 12 hours, lied between 40 and 60 mmHg.
Key Words: experimental ocular hypertension;electroretinogram;retinal ultrastructure, supernormal ERG response;supernormal ERG response


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