Korean J Ophthalmol > Epub ahead of print
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/kjo.2023.0145    [Epub ahead of print]
Published online April 8, 2024.
Efficacy of Brolucizumab in Polyp Regression of Treatment-Naïve Polypoidal Choroidal Vasculopathy and Its Effect on One-Year Treatment Outcome
Seung Hun Lee, Hyo Song Park, Jung Woo Han
Department of Ophthalmology, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Bucheon, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea
Correspondence:  Jung Woo Han, Tel: 82-32-621-6718, Fax: 82-32-621-6281, 
Email: 106236@schmc.ac.kr
Received: 23 December 2023   • Revised: 28 February 2024   • Accepted: 19 March 2024
To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal brolucizumab in polyp regression of treatment-naïve polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) patients and its effect on one-year treatment outcome.
Medical records of 31 treatment-naïve PCV patients, who received three monthly intravitreal brolucizumab injections followed by as-needed injections for at least a year, were retrospectively reviewed. Visual and anatomical outcomes were evaluated at 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month. Complete polyp regression rate and percentage change of vascular lesion and polyp area were evaluated after three monthly injections of brolucizumab. The effect of complete polyp regression and the impact of vascular lesion and polyp reduction rate on one-year treatment outcome were also evaluated. Additionally, the incidence of brolucizumab-related intraocular inflammation (IOI) and its clinical course were examined.
In terms of visual outcome, best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA) significantly improved after 12 month follow-up (p<0.001). In terms of anatomical outcome, central macular thickness(CMT) and central choroidal thickness(CCT) significantly decreased after 12 month follow-up (p<0.001). Complete polyp regression was observed in 74.2% (23/31) after three monthly injections. Group with complete polyp regression had a higher rate of achieving dry macula at 3-month(p=0.026) and fewer number of injections(p<0.001) compared to the group without complete polyp regression. Higher polyp reduction rate was significantly associated with higher CMT change from baseline at 3-month (p=0.048) while higher vascular lesion reduction rate was significantly associated with higher CMT change from baseline at 12-month(p=0.031) and fewer number of injections(p=0.012). Brolucizumab related IOI occurred in one eye (1/31, 3.2%).
Intravitreal brolucizumab injection effectively improved visual and anatomical outcomes and achieved significant polyp regression in treatment-naïve PCV patients. Complete polyp regression and the reduction rate of vascular lesion size and polyp size after loading injection significantly influence the treatment outcome of PCV patients. However, careful monitoring and preoperative warning is warranted due to occurrence of brolucizumab-related IOI.
Key Words: Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy, Brolucizumab, Polyp regression, Intraocular inflammation

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